2003 Shepherd's Conference, A Ministry of Grace Community Church 818.909.5530. © 2003 All Rights Reserved. Grace Community Church. A CD, MP3, or tape cassette copy of this session can be obtained by going to www.shepherdsconference.org
Expository Preaching-Turning Exegesis into Exposition
(Handout – Study Notes)
Preaching can be reduced to these 3 concepts:
1. Exposing the people to the text
2. Explaining what it means by what it says
3. Exhorting them to live by it
Greatest task of the preacher is to get himself out of the text.
I. DETERMINE A Propositional Statement
· It is a single sentence that functions as the hinge between the introduction and the body of a message.
· It is a statement of the objective of the sermon.
· It is not a restatement of the title.
· It transfers attention to the body.
· It is a simple sentence stating the theme to be amplified, explained, or proved.
· The theme is the overall subject (e.g. faith)...the proposition limits the theme, gives aim to the theme (e.g. three aspects of faith).
· When it comes to the actual organization of the sermon, the prepositional statement is the most important feature.
· Can be expressed in more than one way.
Ų statement—In this passage we will examine four characteristics of a man of integrity that will help us understand what it means to be a man after God’s own heart.
Ų question—What are some reasons for trusting God when you’re in the midst of a trial?
Ų exhortation—As we study this passage, commit yourself to following these four steps to resolving conflict in your marriage:
Ų exclamation—What a joy it is to contemplate the three proofs of God’s sovereignty that we find in this passage!
· Should be expressed as concisely and clearly as possible.
· Contains a “key word”…a plural noun… for example, 4 reasons, 3 facts, 6 ingredients, 3 elements, etc.
The key word is always a plural noun that characterizes the main points. The following are a few of the many key words
1 Sam. 15:13-31 Diagnosing Heart Disease
This narrative portion of Scripture gives us, by way of illustration, four symptoms of an unrepentant heart…
Psalm 3 Assurance in the Face of Adversity
As we look into this psalm we’ll make three observations about David’s response to his trial, so that you know how God expects you to respond to your own difficult circumstances.
Psalm 14 The Dark Side
…note with me three aspects of the principle of depravity…
Psalm 27 No Fear
…where we find four essential keys to living a life without fear…
1 Cor. 1:18-25 The Foolishness of God
Unlike any other message, the gospel is a message of power…and this makes it both unique and superior to anything the world could ever offer.
In this passage, Paul presents three arguments in an effort to affirm the gospel’s inherent uniqueness and superiority, so that you’ll be encouraged to stay true to the time-tested message about Christ.
1 Cor. 1:26-31 Something from Nothing
…in these verses we find three features of God’s plan for saving lost man from His sin…
1 Cor. 3:5-9 Ministry Down on the Farm
In the process of challenging their misguided thinking, Paul uses the setting of a “farm” or working in a “field” to give us some insight into ministry…into how God sees ministry, and thus how WE are to see ministry.
In verses 5 to 9 we’ll take note of three views of biblical ministry…
1 Cor. 3:18-23 Rags or Riches?
II. CONSTRUCT AN APPROPRIATE OUTLINE
· The outline is a valuable help to the listener.
· There is more than one possible homiletical outline.
· It should reflect syntactical analysis.
· Don’t force an outline upon a text.
· Each main point should serve a specific purpose—to fulfill the proposition.
· There are three primary types of major points:
Ų Markers of the text
1. The Command
2. The Method
3. The Results
1. Selective Obedience
2. Superficial Confessions
3. Selfish Motivations
4. Shallow Externalism
1. The Basic Essence of Depravity
2. The Pervasive Extent of Depravity
3. The Sobering End of Depravity
1. The Unique Necessity of Christian Love
2. The Distinctive Character of Christian Love
3. The Sobering Test of Christian Love
1. Prayer is Comprehensive
2. Prayer is Required
3. Prayer is Effective
1. David Recognized Life’s Pressures
2. David Rested in God’s Provision
3. David Rejoiced in Salvation’s Promise
1. Worship Involves Celebration
2. Worship Involves Adoration
3. Worship Involves Expectation
1. What Does God Expect You to Do?
2. Where Does God Expect You to Go?
3. Why Does God Expect You to Obey?
1. Understand God’s Process
2. Embrace God’s Will
3. Depend on God’s Strength
4. Imitate God’s Love
1. Be Genuine
2. Be Sacrificial
3. Be Diligent
· Be careful that outline points are not too complicated.
· Major points need to be clear.
· Parallelism is important.
· Any subordinate points should relate to the main point.
· Too many sub-points are cumbersome.
· Insures that the structure of your message is not obscured.
· Enables audience to identify and follow movement from one major outline point to the next.
· Important to eliminate hindrances to a clear flow of thought, such as:
Ž No proposition or purpose statement
Ž Complicated outline points
Ž Unwieldy alliteration (or forced alliteration)
Ž Changing the key propositional word
Ž Lack of parallelism
Ž Lack of clear transition statements
John A. Broadus Transition may be formally defined as both the act and means of moving from one part of the sermon to another, from one division to another, and from one idea to another. Transitions are to sermons what joints are to the bones of the body. “They are the bridges of the discourse, and by them” the preacher moves from point to point.
Ų Should be thought through ahead of time.
Ų Should stand out from rest of the message.
Ž Not reviewing outline points with congregation
Ž Too much review
Ž Lack of familiarity with the content of the message
Ž Too many tangents
Ž Dwelling too long on a tangent
Ž Illustrations that don’t apply
Ž Use of abstract language (obscure words)
Preaching is your most important task. All other ministry must be based upon a clear, accurate, and passionate exposition of biblical truth.
This is your calling…work hard at doing it well.
Rediscovering Expository Preaching, by John MacArthur and TMS Faculty
Preaching & Preachers, by D. Martyn Lloyd-Jones
The Supremacy of God in Preaching, by John Piper
Preaching with Purpose, by Jay Adams
Power in the Pulpit: How to Prepare and Deliver Expository Sermons, by Jerry Vines/Jim
Scripture Sculpture, by Ramesh Richard
Between Two Worlds, by John Stott
Exegetical Fallacies, by D.A. Carson
Toward an Exegetical Theology, by Walter Kaiser, Jr.
On the Preparation and Delivery of Sermons, John A. Broadus
The Preacher and Preaching, by Samuel T. Logan, Jr.
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